The Sixth Street Historic District reflects the black business activity in Austin in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. During the 1870s and 1880s, Sixth Street reach the height of its importance as a major commercial district equal to Congress Avenue, which had a reputation as the most fashionable and prestigious shopping location for certain types of businesses.
Numerous black businesses grew along Sixth Street during the 1870s to 1900s. A black physician had an office in the 300 block of East Sixth Street and several businesses on the north side of the 400 and 500 blocks were operated by African American s who catered to the black community.
The Sixth Street Historic District was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.