The Grand Lodge of the Colored Knights of Pythias Temple, designed by noted African American architect William Sidney Pittman and completed in 1916 served as a center for civic, business, and social life in Dallas at a time when segregation offered few other alternatives.
Located in the historic African American Deep Ellum neighborhood at the corner of Elm and Good (now Good-Latimer Expressway) streets, the building housed the state headquarters and grand lodge for the Colored Knights of Pythias, Texas.
There, the Knights had office space, hosted both local and grand lodge meetings, and operated a life insurance business that provided people of limited means the ability to cover funeral expenses for loved ones.
In addition, as was typical for many fraternal orders, the four-story building also provided office space for many prominent African American professionals including Marcellus Cooper (first African American dentist in Texas), Benjamin R. Bluitt (first African American surgeon in Texas), Ammon S. Wells (attorney and civil rights leader), John O. Chisum (optometrist and civic leader), and Phillip M. Sunday (physician and civic leader).
The Grand Lodge of the Colored Knights of Pythias Temple was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 21, 2017.
The Grand Lodge is not open to the public.