Dorchester Academy played a major role in the National Civil Rights Movement and in the educational, business, social, and political development of the African American community in Liberty County, Georgia.
Dorchester Academy was founded after the Civil War as a school for freed slaves. By 1917, the fully accredited high school had eight frame buildings and 300 students.
This African American historic site hosted Dr. Martin Luther King's planning meetings for his 1963 march on Birmingham. Dorchester Academy is listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986 and was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 2006.